The stone bridge on the river Vardar was built in the first half of the 15th century. The bridge connects the old with the new part of the city. Side walkways were built in 1905, and in the last decade of the 20th century it was completely renovated. On the left side of the river on the bridge there is a memorial plaque of the shot citizens of Skopje in 1944 during the fascist occupation.In its original form, the bridge had 13 arches, with a total length of 215 metres and a width of six metres. In order to restore the original appearance of the Stone Bridge, in 1992, new interventions started, whereby the initial width of the bridge was achieved.
Macedonia Square in Skopje was more fully formed in the period between the two world wars, more precisely from 1920 to 1940. It is located in the context of the Stone Bridge, as the basic link of the city units from the left and the right side of Vardar. Important facilities were located around it: the National Bank, the Post Office, Officer’s Building, Na-Ma Department Store, Hotel Macedonia, Ristic Palace. However, after the Second World War, and especially after the 1963 disastrous earthquake, part of the buildings were demolished, so that today the square in Skopje has a somewhat different arrangement, but there are still important administrative, cultural, shopping, banking, catering – tourism, and other facilities in its immediate vicinity. In its immediate vicinity is also the Pella Square with the Gate Macedonia, as a real gateway for an entrance to the square.
Alexander the Great
The monument is a composition of several elements. Alexander’s bronze monument has a height of 14.5 metres and weighs 30 tons. In the middle of the ten-meter-high pillar is the warrior Alexander II of Macedonia, known as Alexander the Great, looking in the direction of the sunrise. On that pedestal there are three rings with mounted plates, representing three battles. Among them there are three rings of bronze, with decoration and ornamental reliefs. Around the pillar is a fountain complemented by eight bronze soldiers that are three metres tall and eight lions, two and a half metres high, four of which are facing the fountain.
It was built in 2011 and was put into operation at Christmas 2012. The building has dimensions of 20 to 10 meters and a height of 21 meters. The facade is decorated by 32 reliefs in deep carving with a total area of 193 m2. The reliefs depict images from the prehistoric period through the pile-dwelling in the Bay of Bones, from the antique with Philip II and Alexander III of Macedonia, from the Roman period to Justinian I, from the Middle Ages with Tsar Samuil, King Marko and Karpos, and until the XX century with Ilinden, ASNOM, the Exodus from Aegean Macedonia and September 8, 1991 – the proclamation of an independent Macedonia.
The memorial house and the memorial of Mother Teresa (1910 – 1997) are located on the street Macedonia, in the centre of the city of Skopje. It is dedicated to the great humanist Agnesa Gondza Bojadziu – Mother Teresa, born in Skopje, winner of the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. Today, Mother Teresa’s missionaries of charity include over 3,000 sisters and over 500 brothers in many countries around the world.Mother Teresa was proclaimed an honoured citizen of her hometown of Skopje, which from her departure for a humanitarian mission to help the hungry and desolate people she visited four times: in 1970, 1978, 1980 and 1986.
In Skopje, on the left side of Vardar, through the Stone Bridge is the Old Skopje Bazaar. Part of the city with diverse and rich history, tradition, culture and architecture, today with a blend between the old and the new, the economy and trade, culture and tradition. In the spirit of the historical temporal and developmental circumstances, the culture of organization and tradition of living, the Old Skopje Bazaar has preserved numerous functional facilities from the Ottoman period, and new buildings have been built as a feature of modern times. These include the Skopje Bezisten, Kapan An, Suli An, Kurshumli An, Daut – Pasha Amam, Cifte Amam, the church St. Spas, the church St. Dimitrij, the complex of museums of Macedonia (historical, archeological, ethnological museum).
It is thought that the area of the fortress Kale, known as the Skopje Kale, was inhabited as early as in the Neolithic period and early Bronze Age, as witnessed by numerous archaeological findings. The fortress itself dates back to the time of Emperor Justinian I (535). Due to its strategic position and role, the fortress throughout history had often been attacked and used by various warriors. After the collapse of Samoil’s empire (1018), the city was captured by the rebels of Peter Deljan (1014-1041). It was then attacked by the Kumanians, the Scythians, the Pecheneses, and so on. Various archaeological remains were found at the Kale. Today the fortress Kale is one of the most remarkable buildings in Skopje with the presence of a number of different cultural and tourist motifs.
City Park Skopje is an expansive 430,000 square meter park that offers a peaceful retreat from the hustle and bustle of Skopje. Its natural beauty is enhanced by an impressive collection of trees, flowers, and other plants, making it a perfect place for nature lovers to explore. The park also offers a range of recreational activities such as walking, cycling, picnicking, and playing sports on its various courts and fields. For families, the park has playgrounds for children, a zoo where they can see a variety of animals, and other child-friendly attractions. Visitors can also enjoy the park’s tranquil lakes, fountains, and gardens, providing an idyllic setting for relaxation. Throughout the year, City Park Skopje hosts a range of cultural events such as music concerts, food fairs, and celebrations of local traditions, providing visitors with a unique opportunity to experience Skopje’s rich culture. Overall, City Park Skopje is a must-visit destination for anyone looking to experience the natural beauty and cultural diversity of Skopje.
Vodno is a mountain site that rises above Skopje to 1,061 metres above sea level. There is the Millennium Cross, the monastery Complex St. Pantelejmon, and Vodno also has a park – forest, mountaineering homes, several catering facilities with arranged hiking trails, car parks and wide panoramic views. From Vodno, you can see almost the entire Skopje valley and the city of Skopje. Therefore, Vodno is one of the most visited sites in the vicinity of Skopje.In June 2011, a cable car from Sredno Vodno to the Millennium Cross was put into operation, the alignment of which is 1,750 meters long and climbs from 570 to 1,068 metres above sea level. The cable car has 28 cabins with a load of 640 kg and capacity for eight people, as well as two cabins for four people. The gondolas on the outside are fitted with bicycle holders.
With a height of 66 metres this is the highest facility in Macedonia. The Millennium Cross was built in 2000 at the peak Krstovar (1,061 metres above sea level) in Vodno, in the immediate vicinity of Skopje, on the occasion of the passage of the second in the third millennium.
It is the valley of the butterflies, it is a very characteristic locality in the immediate vicinity of Skopje. It is located northwest of Skopje, at the exit of the river Treska from the long Sishevska Ravine. Matka is a complex of deep, incised canyon, in which the first artificial accumulation on the Balkan Peninsula was built in 1938. There are several caves, an alpine training centre, a regulated flow of Treska for rafting, a complex of several monasteries, a mountain lodge, restaurants, catering facilities, a picturesque nature with rich vegetation and animal life. The accumulation itself covers an area of 0.25 km2. It is 5.9 km long, with a useful volume of 2.6 million m3. It is intended for the production of electricity in Skopje.
It was built on the canyon of the river Treska. It was built by Andreja, the second son of King Volkashin, in 1389. It has the form of an elongated trikonhos, with a central dome. Metropolitan Jovan and monk Gregorij, who worked in the monastery Sveto Preobrazenie in Zrze, are also fresco-painters of the monastery.The frescoes in St. Andrej are a novelty in the Macedonian medieval painting and a mark of the new style at that time with the emergence of hesychasm in monastic life. In three zones, frescoes of the holy warriors Gjorgi, Dimitrij, Teodor, Tiron and Teodor Stratilat are presented in full size, as well as frescoes with scenes from the life of the Lord Jesus Christ. The inscriptions are written in Greek and in the Church Slavonic script.